Amazonia is a large plain land covered by the hugest forest of the inter-tropical world and crossed by the worlds most powerful river. Its surface adds up to almost six million square kilometres and spreads over nine countries: it covers three fifth of Brazil, Colombia, Peru and to a minor degree Bolivia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Guyana, Surinam and French Guiana.
Its population doubled in thirty years but it remains weak with regard to its huge economical potentials including various activities like soya, palm oil and biofuel exploitation as well as mining and hydroelectric energy production. And of course the tourism: more and more travellers are looking for Peru jungle tours, adventure and discovery, setting out for sojourns, round trips, excursions and treks in Amazonia.
The region benefits from warm and humid climate with an average temperature of 26 °C. Rainfall varies from 2100mm/year to 2450mm/year, reaching its maximum of more of 10 000mm rain /year in the North West of the region.
Together with the forests of the Pacific-Asia Basin and the Congo, the Amazonian forest forms a green belt surrounding the earth. Being the biggest rain forest of the planet it represents 50% of all tropical forests in the world. Absorbing huge amounts of carbonic gas it helps regulating the world’s climate and it is the origin of 15% of the water of all the rivers on the planet. In spite of being attacked from all sides, 80% of the Amazonian Forest still remains intact. Thus it harbours 10 % of all the plant and animal species, representing the last place of refuge for many among them.
An extraordinary ecosystem that you will be able to discover on your excursions.
Highland and Ground
The regional highland rarely reaches an altitude of 600 meters and most of the time it is lower than 200 meters, thus constituting the ideal conditions for trekking in Amazonia. Parallel to the river’s axis, on the sometimes flooded terraces, are the fertile grounds. They constitute hardly 3 % of the total surface. The firm and never inundated grounds consist of nothing but sand, around one meter deep, and are covered with forest.