In order to obtain a serial number and filing date, you must have a complete application, which consists of a specification including at least one claim, a drawing, the formal papers and a check in the amount of the filing fee.
The specification is the descriptive part of the application. It usually has a short title and a brief opening paragraph which broadly tells the subject matter of the invention. This helps the Patent Office decide where the invention fits into their classification system and, hence, which art unit or examining division will handle the application. After this, the specification contains what I call the “salesmanship” part, in which you tell why the invention is needed or what problems it solves.
After this, comes a brief description of the drawings and, then, a detailed description of the invention. You could hire professional help for your new invention idea in this step.
In order to obtain a serial number and filing date, you must have a complete application and a drawing is one part of a complete application. The drawing must be adequate so that, taken with the detailed description, the Examiner can understand the invention sufficiently to make a search.
In a patent, the claims are the legal definition of the protection provided by the patent. In a patent application, the claims define what the inventor is trying to protect.
A patent claim is, basically, a one sentence structural and functional definition of the invention. It is required by law to be sufficiently detailed to distinguish your invention from anything that has been known before.
However, there are numerous specialized terms and techniques which patent professionals use in writing claims which are totally unknown to the general public.
Therefore, patent claims are extremely difficult to write! It takes many years of training, in a patent law office, to learn to write good claims. I honestly believe that, if you try to write your own patent claims, you will only hurt yourself. Therefore, is strongly recommend that you get professional help, such as Invent Help, in writing a patent application. Learn why new inventors turn to InventHelp.
Formal Papers and Check:
The formal papers needed to complete a utility patent application are a Declaration or Oath and, usually, a Small Entity Declaration Form. The Declaration or Oath is a form in which you swear that you believe that you are the original and first inventor of the claimed subject matter and in which you identify any other applications which you have filed relating to the same subject matter.
The last part of a complete patent application is a check, made payable to Hon. Commissioner of Patents, covering the filing fee.